When evolution is included [in medical curricula], it will give students not only a new perspective on disease but also an integrating framework on which to hang a million otherwise arbitrary facts. Darwinian medicine could bring intellectual coherence to the chaotic enterprise of medical education.

– Dr. Randolph M. Nesse and Dr. George C. Williams. (Source)

Our diet is composed of millions of substances that are part of a biological network. In fact, we eat “biological systems” like a banana, a fish or a piece of meat. There is a connection between the various nutrients in these systems. In other words, there is a balance and an interaction that is part of a living organism. This balance can be found in the reconstruction of our Paleolithic diet.

– Begoña Ruiz-Núñez et al. (Source)

I don’t think it is possible to overemphasize just how important mismatch diseases are. You are most likely going to die from a mismatch disease. You are most likely to suffer from disabilities caused by mismatch diseases. Mismatch diseases contribute to the bulk of health-care spending throughout the world.

– Dr. Daniel Lieberman. (Source)

The renowned Russian geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky (1900–1975) said, ‘Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution’. Indeed, much in nutrition does not seem to make sense because most nutritionists have little or no formal training in evolutionary theory, much less human evolution. Nutritionists face the same problem as anyone who is not using an evolutionary model to evaluate biology: fragmented information and no coherent way to interpret the data.

– Dr. Loren Cordain. (Source)

The metaphor of the body as machine is now restraining progress. Bodies are not
machines designed by engineers; they are somas shaped by natural selection. The vulnerabilities that lead to disease do not arise from miscopying blueprints manufacturing errors. Instead, they arise from mutations and developmental sequences shaped by natural selection.

– Dr. Randolph M. Nesse. (Source)

Modern biology suggests that our bodies are composed of a diversity of organisms competing for nutritional resources. Evolutionary conflict between the host and microbiota may lead to cravings and cognitive conflict with regard to food choice. Exerting self-control over eating choices may be partly a matter of suppressing microbial signals that originate in the

– Dr. Joe Alcock et al. (Source)

Nature’s complexity is too great for us humans to fully comprehend. We try to simplify things by breaking the natural world down into its smaller constituents, labeling some as “good” (e.g., probiotics) and others as “bad” (e.g., Candida albicans). This approach has proven to be very fallacious. We have to acknowledge that nature is built up of biological systems. Nothing operates in complete isolation.

– Eirik Garnas. (Source)

The ability of physicians and biomedical researchers to link ultimate evolutionary explanations for disease to their proximate mechanisms shall become increasingly important. Therefore the sooner we revise medical preparation to integrate evolutionary perspectives, the better primed we will be to address the medical challenges of the 21st century.

– Joseph L. Graves, Jr. et. al. (Source)

The inability or refusal to apply evolution’s basic principles when interpreting dietary studies, 150 years after the publication of Darwin’s The Origin Of Species, is astounding.

– Dr. Staffan Lindeberg. (Source)

There is no conceptual framework in place that underlies medicine and guides and supports clinicians and scientists in their quest for knowledge. This is unfortunate, because without a solid foundation to rest on, the health-care system is prone to get weak in the knees, develop disease, and perhaps even collapse completely.

– Eirik Garnas. (Source)

Because H.s. sapiens is the product of an evolutionary process, we cannot hope to have a deep understanding of the major diseases of our age if we ignore our evolutionary past. In the depths of our minds as in our genes, we are all African hunter-gatherers.

– Dr. Ángel A. Román-Franco. (Source)


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